Practical Thoughts Blog

The ICF Model and how it relates to stuttering

The ICF Model and how it relates to stuttering

Here is another blog you have been asking for!

What is the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) model 
from the World Health Organization?

We recently posted information on our Facebook and Instagram feeds and you asked for us to create a shareable space for it. So, here we go...


Our ASHA Scope of Practice uses the ICF model to inform our assessment and treatment of those with communication differences
, and Stuttering Therapy Resources own Dr. J. Scott Yaruss has coauthored numerous papers outlining the use of the ICF model to help us all be more effective and efficient in our work with those who stutter.

The ICF as it relates to stuttering helps guide us to make certain we are assessing and addressing all the aspects of stuttering that can have an impact on quality of life for those who stutter. 

NOTICE: the lines and arrows inform us that each of these impact categories relate to one another. 

What do all of these categories mean?  Let's go through them one at a time: 

Finally, here are some links to resources for further information:

1️⃣ASHA Scope of Practice
“The ICF framework is useful in describing the breadth of the role of the SLP in the prevention, assessment, and habilitation/ rehabilitation of communication and swallowing disorders and the enhancement and scientific investigation of those functions.” 
ASHA (2016) © Copyright 2016 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. All rights reserved

2️⃣More ASHA Scope of Practice help 
https://www.asha.org/policy/SP2016-00343/#Framework

3️⃣ Yaruss, J. S., & Quesal, R. W. (2004). Stuttering and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health: An update. Journal of Communication Disorders, 37(1), 35-52.

4️⃣The updated ICF as it applies to stuttering
Tichenor, S., & Yaruss, J.S. (2019). Stuttering as defined by adults who stutter. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 62(12), 4356-4369. https://doi.org/10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00137.

6️⃣ Yaruss, J. S. (2007). Application of the ICF in fluency disorders. Seminars in Speech and Language, 28(4), 312-322.

7️⃣ICF and Stuttering from ASHA
https://www.asha.org/slp/icf/